Islam is integral to the societies in the Middle East. It is part of people’s faith, cultural expressions, and social constructions, and a source of law and political legitimacy. In modern times, Islam re-emerged as a significant tool for political mobilisation and in the wake of the Arab Spring these movements have become more popular and have expanded their political space in the whole region. Islamic Movements in the Middle East traces their origin, evolution, ideologies, practices, and analyses their political participation. It is an effort to provide an Indian understanding of Islamic movements in the Middle East.